How Brain Training Games Improve Cognitive Flexibility
Cognitive flexibility or conscious mental activities like thinking, remembering, learning and understanding refers to the ability to think about multiple aspects simultaneously. Although the definition can vary, one defined consistency is that cognitive flexibility is an element of executive functioning. The formal definition of executive functioning is the broad term for the neurologically-based skills that involves mental self-regulation and control in order to achieve a goal.
Now when it comes to research, measuring cognitive flexibility includes a wide array of variable tests such as A-not-B task, Cognitive Flexibility Inventory (CFI), Dimensional Change Card Sorting Task, Multidimensional Card Selection Task, the Stroop Test and the Wisconsin Card Sorting Task. Additionally, studies like the Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI) have shown that specific brain regions are stimulated when a person participates in certain cognitive flexibility tasks. The brain regions include the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC), basal ganglia, posterior parietal cortex (PPC) and the prefrontal cortex (PFC).